Solar Energy is one of the free resources available abundantly for humankind and with the depletion of non –renewable resources; the world has now been adopting renewable energy at a rapid rate. This energy is very powerful & helps in production of electricity. As the energy from the sun hits the solar panels, light that is called photons is reduced. Solar panels are made of silicon. Solar panels have solar cells in them.
The cells have a positive and negative layer to create an electric field. As photons are absorbed in the cell, their energy causes electrons to become free. The electrons move toward the bottom of the cell andexit through the connecting wires.
This flow of electrons is what we call electricity. This is how Solar Energy works and how we get electricity from it.